[citation needed] Land bird fauna is poor and consists of introduced species and recent natural colonisers. Guide to the Chagos Archipelago/BIOT 2. The number of atolls in the Chagos Archipelago is given as four or five in most sources, plus two island groups and two single islands, mainly because it is not recognised that the Great Chagos Bank is a huge atoll structure (including those two island groups and two single islands), and because Blenheim Reef, which has islets or cays above or just reaching the high-water mark, is not included. Cruisers are permitted to anchor at only two atolls, and they typically drop their hooks at: 1. Chagos Islanders remind us that Britain is a shameful coloniser, not a colony . The sovereignty of the Chagos Archipelago is disputed between the United Kingdom and Mauritius. Egmont atoll was uninhabited for many years, but is a favorite spot for boaters and occasional travelers. However, the territory was ceded to Britain by treaty only after Napoleon's defeat, in 1814. There are port and jetty for unloading goods, which in the past was used by the plantation. The French began issuing permits for companies to establish coconut oil plantations on the Chagos in the 1770s. 1 US Outbound Tourism KPIs . [63], On 1 April 2010 Britain announced the creation of the Chagos Marine Protected Area, the world's largest continuous marine protected reserve with an area of 545,000 km2 (210,000 sq mi).[64][65][66]. The United Kingdom claims that it has no doubt about its sovereignty over the archipelago. [37] The British Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson sought Indian assistance for resolving the dispute involving the United Kingdom, the United States and Mauritius. [34] A subsidiary issue is the Mauritian opposition to the 1 April 2010 UK Government's declaration that the BIOT is a Marine Protected Area with fishing and extractive industry (including oil and gas exploration) prohibited. Red fody had been introduced and now widespread. Thus for many centuries the Chagos were ignored by their northern neighbours. I'm not going to do it for you, but if you type "Chagos Archipelago" into a Google search box and hit the return button, you'll have answers to all your questions and much, much more. Features are listed in the table from north to south: The main natural resources of the area are coconuts and fish. [citation needed], The Chagos Islands have been colonised by plants since there was sufficient soil to support them—probably less than 4,000 years. enjoy, Mark. They formed an inter-island culture called Ilois (a French Creole word meaning Islanders). This administration is represented in the Territory by the Officer commanding British Forces on Diego Garcia, the "Brit Rep". The islanders were known as the Ilois (one French Creole word for "islanders") and they numbered about 1,000. Leaked US Cables have shown the FCO suggesting to the US counterparts that setting up a protected no-take zone would make it "difficult, if not impossible" for the islanders to return. Sea cucumbers, which cleanse sand, are poached to feed Asian markets. Although Portuguese navigator Pedro de Mascarenhas (1470 – 23 June 1555) is credited with having discovered the islands during his voyage of 1512–13, there is little corroborative evidence for this; cartographic analysis points to 1532 or later. 2. mrs_trellis. [57][58] There are also donkeys roaming free on the island that were left behind when the Ilois were relocated. Commander Robert Moresby made a survey of the Chagos on behalf of the British Admiralty in 1838. Diego Garcia, the largest island in the Chagos archipelago and site of a major United States military base, located in the middle of the Indian Ocean, was … December through February is considered the rainy season (summer monsoon); typical weather conditions include light west-northwesterly winds and warmer temperatures with more rainfall. This means the Chagos coconut crabs are a vital source for replenishing other over-exploited populations in the Indian Ocean region. Seeds and spores arrived on the emerging islands by wind and sea, or from passing seabirds. Underwater treasure, however is large: over 370 species of coral, 800 species of fish, whole colonies of birds, sea turtles and crabs. [11], Portuguese explorers were the first Europeans to discover the archipelago. On 23 June 1976, Aldabra, Farquhar and Desroches were returned to the Seychelles. [18], On 31 August 1903 the Chagos Archipelago was administratively separated from the Seychelles and attached to Mauritius.[19]. The coconut crabs on Chagos constitute one of the most undisturbed populations in the world. The Chagos Archipelago has a tropical oceanic climate; hot and humid but moderated by trade winds. The Chagos Archipelago is made up of over 55 islands. Here are the clear waters of the Indian Ocean and ekostitemite in the area have proven resistant to climate change when there is no human intervention. The Chagos archipelago, located halfway between Ceylon and Madagascar, served in World War Two as “one of a chain of forward flying-boat bases spread across Japanese submarine routes through the Indian Ocean”. Tourism promotion in Indonesian cities by countries such as Singapore is the reason that could be attributed for growth in … [60][61] An important part of their biology is the long distances their young can travel as larvae. Chagos turtles were heavily exploited during the previous two centuries, but they and their habitats are now well protected by the administration of the British Indian Ocean Territory and are recovering well. Inbound tourism in Italy registered good growth in 2015, supported by the Milano Expo, which attracted five million international visitors. June to September is considered the drier season (winter), characterised by moderate south-easterly winds, slightly cooler temperatures and less rainfall. Shark numbers have dramatically declined as a result of illegal fishing boats that seek to remove their fins and also as accidental by-catch in the two tuna fisheries that used to operate seasonally in the Chagos.[53]. An online cruising guide for yachts sailing to Chagos (British Indian Ocean Territory) in the Indian Ocean. [citation needed], A total of 113 species of insect have been recorded from the Chagos Islands. This is a Military Island inhabitated by the US under a 50 year agreement with the UK it is not open to tourism, I visited there when in the Royal Navy in the 80's its a beautiful island, and the chagossians were forced off it to Mauritius and the Seychelles - I think the 50 year agreement is now up but a new 20 year agreement has just been signed The Chagos Archipelago was originally chartered by Vasco de Gama in the 1500s, but wasn’t colonized until the eighteenth century when the French claimed the archipelago as a part of Mauritius. The remote islands make perfect undisturbed nursery sites for nests of green (Chelonia mydas) and hawksbill (Eretmochelys imbricata) turtles. Dunne R. P., Polunin N. V., Sand P. H., Johnson M. L., 2014. There are no indigenous peoples living on the island, and the UK represents the Territory internationally. Coral reefs are scattered across the Indian Ocean, but let us note that here is the largest atoll in the world Great Chagos Bank. In 1972, the United Kingdom decided to close all the remaining plantations throughout the Chagos, and deported the Ilois to the Seychelles or Mauritius. There is considerable poaching of turtles and other marine life. Take strategic business decisions using historic and forecast market data related to top 10 outbound tourism markets. Another atoll is Salomon. As of 2010, 76 species that call Chagos home were listed on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. India has maintained considerable influence in Mauritius through deep cultural and economic ties. An independent feasibility study led to the conclusion that resettlement would be "costly and precarious". [28] On 18 March 2015, the Permanent Court of Arbitration unanimously held that the marine protected area (MPA) which the United Kingdom declared around the Chagos Archipelago in April 2010 violates international law. ONLINE. [citation needed], Today, the status of the Chagos Islands’ native flora depends very much on past exploitation of particular islands. "[72], Outlying territories of European countries. In 1968, Mauritius gained independence from the British Empire. The official insisted that the establishment of a marine park—the world's largest—would in no way impinge on USG use of the BIOT, including Diego Garcia, for military purposes. Diego Garcia is currently the only inhabited island in the Chagos, all of which comprise the British Indian Ocean Territory, usually abbreviated as "BIOT". The Chagos archipelago has six atolls and a number of reefs. They were of mixed African, South Indian, Portuguese, English, French and Malay descent and lived very simple, spartan lives in their isolated archipelago working in the coconut and sugar plantations, or in the fishing and small textile industries. 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